Ecodesign Directive

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Introduction/Scope 
Ecodesign Process 
Current Status 
Implementing Measures and Guidelines 
• Manufacturer/Importer Obligations 
• Preparing for the Ecodesign Directive

Useful Links 

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Introduction/Scope

Europe wastes 20% of its energy due to inefficiency. The European Commission estimates that possible improvements in energy efficiency could have the potential for energy savings equating to 100 billion euros annually by 2020 and help reduce CO2 emissions by 780 million tonnes a year.

The production, distribution, use and end-of-life management of energy-using products is associated with a considerable number of important impacts on the environment, namely the consequences of energy consumption, consumption of other materials/resources, waste generation and release of hazardous substances to the environment.

It is estimated that over 80% of all product-related environmental impacts are determined during the design phase of a product. Against this background, Eco-design aims to improve the environmental performance of products throughout the life-cycle by systematic integration of environmental aspects at a very early stage in the product design. Better performing products can boost competitiveness and stimulate the development of a market for more energy efficient products. Investment in eco-innovative new technologies could be offset against efficiency savings and be highly beneficial in terms of job creation. 

The Ecodesign Directive -  2009/125/EC is a recast of the 2005 Ecodesign Directive (2005/32/EC). It extends the scope of the original Directive to include energy related products (ErPs) as well as energy using products (EuPs). It provides  consistent EU-wide rules for improving the environmental performance of products through ecodesign. It therefore prevents disparate national legislations  from becoming obstacles to the intra-EU trade. This should benefit both businesses and consumers, by enhancing product quality and environmental protection and by facilitating free movement of goods across the EU.

While the Framework Directive does not in itself contain any immediate obligations for manufacturers  and importers of energy using products which are placed on the market within the EU, obligations will be adopted in the form of implementing measures (IMs) for specified product groups. IM's can be by means of directive, decision, regulation or voluntary agreements with industry.

The impact of Ecodesign legislation will be widespread and significant for many firms – especially in regard to the manufacturing design process. An IM can include for example energy efficiency targets or limits on greenhouse gas emission levels. Any IM introduced is applicable to all member states.

Product Criteria

There are a number of criteria that have to be met before a product category can be considered for inclusion under the Ecodesign Framework. Products will be targeted if they: 

  • sell more than 200,000 units per year in the EU 
  • have a significant environmental impact 
  • have the potential for significant improvement

Implementing measures must not have a significant negative impact on:

  • a products price 
  • a products functionality or performance 
  • the competitiveness of industry within the EU

Means of transport are excluded under the Ecodesign Framework. 

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Ecodesign Process

EuP Process Diagram

                                  
Figure 1 - Ecodesign Process 

The Ecodesign process is outlined in Figure 1 above. The EU aim is to reduce the environmental impact of products over their entire life cycle by establishing ecodesign standards whilst taking into account technical and economic factors. The first stage in the Ecodesign process is the completion of a preparatory study on the product in question. These studies are very detailed in nature and can take up to two years to complete. The studies are carried out by independent consultants after an initial tendering process. The studies are carried out in accordance with a formal methodology and are intended to set out the available evidence rather than making policy recommendations. The preparatory studies are broken down into eight stages or tasks. 
                               
                           
Figure 2 - Preparatory Study Stages



Each preparatory study has its own dedicated website (these are listed in the current status section below) and stakeholder involvement is encouraged from the outset. Upon completion, the studies are used by the Commission to formulate an initial proposal (draft implementing measure) which is discussed at the Consultation Forum. 

In the interim period between the initial publication of the draft implementing measure by the Commission and the Consultation Forum,there is a period of consultation with stakeholders. This is coordinated by the Department of Jobs Enterprise & Innovation (DJEI).

Proposed implementing measures will specify:

  • The products covered
  • Application dates
  • Generic and specific design requirements, including the consumption of resources by the product during its lifetime and the emissions to air, water and soil arising from the product, together with the durability of the product.
  • Measurement standards/methods 
  • Conformity assessment procedures
  • Information requirements

Manufacturers’ obligations under the implementing measures will include:

  • Assessing the environmental aspects and impacts of the product
  • Designing the product in compliance with eco-design requirements
  • Carrying out conformity assessment - generally by self assessment
  • Affixing the CE mark 

The Consultation Forum is composed of representatives of member states as well as industry, consumer and environmental representative organisations. The Forum meets on one or more occasions to debate the Commission proposals for a particular product grouping. Taking all views into consideration the Commission then formulates a final draft implementing measure for the grouping. The whole process is inclusive in nature and comments from interested parties are accepted by the Commission both before and after the Consultation Forum.

The final draft implementing measure is then voted on by a Regulatory Committee made up of member states. The Commission also ensures that the final draft does not contravene any World Trade Organisation (WTO) agreements. If the implementing measure is approved via a qualified majority, it is then forwarded for scrutiny by the European Parliament and Council - this scrutiny process can take in the region of three months. The implementing measure is then adopted and enters the Official Journal of the European Union. 

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Current Status

Once tendered, details on the work of each preparatory study may be found on the website for the study. These are listed below with a guide of their current status:

Table 1:  DG Tren Studies 

Tranche 1

Lot

Product

Study Website

Status

1

Boilers and combi-boilers
(gas/oil/electric)

www.ecoboiler.org/
Reported

Ecodesign requirements for space and combination heaters were published in the Official Journal 6 September 2013.

2

Water heaters

www.ecohotwater.org/
Reported

Ecodesign regulation published in Official Journal 6 September 2013

3

Personal Computers
(desktops & laptops)
and Servers

www.ecocomputer.org/
Reported

Ecodesign requirements in force in July 2013

4

Imaging equipment:copiers, faxes,printers,scanners,MFD

 

Voluntary agreement recognised February 2013.

5

Televisions

 

Revision of ecodesign regulation organised in October 2013

6

Standby and off-mode losses of Eup

 

Entry into force 7 January 2009.

7

Battery Chargers & External power supplies

www.ecocharger.org/

Entered into force 27 April 2009. The requirements shall be revised not later than 2013

8

Office lighting

www.eup4light.net

Entry into force 13 April 2009

9

(Public) Street lighting

www.eup4light.net

Entry into force 13 April 2009

10

Room air conditioning appliances, local air coolers and comfort fans

 

Ecodesign regulation in force in March 2012. Labelling regulation in force in July 2011

10

Residential ventilation and kitchen hoods

 

Regulatory Committe 16 December 2013

11

Electric motors

 

Entry into force 12 August 2009. Amendment adopted in July 2013

11

Ventilation fans

 

Regulation in force 26 April 2011.

11

Circulators in buildings

 

Entry into force 12 August 2009. Amendments proposed in April 2011.

11

Electric pumps (commercial buildings, drinking water, food, agriculture)

 

Regulatory Committee 16 December 2011.

12

Commercial refrigerators and freezers.

www.ecofreezercom.org
Reported

Consultation Forum 23 April 2010.

13

Domestic refrigerators & and freezers

 

Entry into force 12 August 2009. Labelling regulation in force 20 Dec 2010.

14

Domestic washing machines

www.ecowet-domestic.org/
Reported

Regulation in force 1 Dec 2010. Labelling regulation in force 20 Dec 2010.

14

Domestic dishwashers

 

Ecodesign regulation in force 1 Dec 2010. Labelling regulation in force 20 Dec 2010.

18

Simple set top boxes

 

The regulation for simple set top boxes entered into force in February 2009. The requirements shall be revised not later than 2014.



















































Tranche II
 


Lot

Project

Study Website

Status

15


Solid fuel small combustion installations

www.ecosolidfuel.org/

Adoption of Energy labelling requirements of solid fuel boilers foreseen in October 2013

16

Laundry driers

 

Ecodesign and energy labelling regulations in force 2012.

17

Vacuum cleaners


Final ecodesign and labelling requirements published in OJ 13 July 2013.

18

Complex set top boxes

www.ecocomplexstb.org/
Reported

TVoluntary agreement recognised.

18a

Simple set top boxes

 

Voluntary agreement recognised

19

Domestic lighting; incandescent, halogen, & compact fluorescent lamps

www.eup4light.net

Consultation forum 5 May 2014.Stage 6 of ecodesign requirement under discussion.  Stricter ecodesign requirements on halogen lamps will be introduced in September 2016.

19

Directional lighting: luminaires, reflector lamps and LEDs(Part 2 )

www.eup4light.net

Final regulation in force in January 2013. Consultation Forum 5 May 2014.




Tranche III


Lot

Project

Study Website

Status

20

Local space heating products

Approved by Regulatory Committee in October 2013.

21

Central heating products using hot air to distribute heat (other than CHP)

Consultation Forum 25 September 2013..

22

Kitchen appliances

Regulation in force in February 2014.

23

Kitchen appliances

Regulation in force in February 2014.

24


Professional washing machines,
dryers and dishwashers

Consultation forum 5 May 2014.

25


Non-tertiary coffee machines

 

Regulation in force in September 2013.

26

Networked standby losses of energy using products

Regulation in force in September 2013.

27

Uninterruptible power supplies

http://www.ecoups.org/

Study ongoing.

28

Pumps for waste waters

lot28.ecopumps.eu/

Study ongoing. Consultation forum 5 May 2014.

29

Large pumps and pumps for pools, fountains, aquariums

lot29.ecopumps.eu/

Study ongoing. Consultation forum 5 May 2014.

30

Special motors (not covered in Lot 11)

www.eco-motors-drives.eu/

Study ongoing.

31

Compressors

www.eco-compressors.eu/

Study completed. Consultation Forum 5 May 2014.

 

 

 

 

 

DG Enterprise Studies

 

 

Lot

Project

Study website


Status

ENTR1

 Refrigerating and freezing equipment: service cabinets, walk-in cold rooms, chillers, ice makers, ice cream and milk-shake machines

www.ecofreezercom.org

Draft regulations notified to the WTO in January 2014.

ENTR2

Distribution and power transformers

Regulation in force in June 2014.

ENTR3

Sound and imaging equipment: DVD/video players and recorders, video projectors, video game consoles.

Consultation Forum 9 November 2012. Impact assessment study launched.

ENTR4

Industrial ovens

www.eco-furnace.org/

Consultation forum 16 May 2014

ENTR5

Machine tools

www.ecomachinetools.eu

Consultation forum 6 May 2014.

ENTR6

Tertiary Air-conditioning and ventilation systems

www.ecohvac.eu

Regulatory Committee 16 December 2013.

   ENTR7

Steam Boilers

Study ongoing.

ENTR8

Power cables

 

Study ongoing

ENTR9

Enterprise servers

 

Study ongoing

 

Medical imaging equipment

 

Revised Voluntary Agreement proposed February 2012

ENER1/03

Window products

 

Study ongoing.

 

Taps and shower heads

susproc.jrc.ec.europa.eu/

Study ongoing..

Lot 1/03

Window products

www.ecodesign-windows.eu

The product study for window products was launched in July 2015. Final report is expected in January 2015.

ENTR Lot 8

Power cables

erp4cables.net/

The product study for power cables was launched in June 2013 and expected to be finalised in January 2015

ENTR Lot 9

Enterprise servers

www.ecodesign-servers.eu

The preparatory study on Enterprise servers and data equipment started in June 2013 and is expected to be finalised in February 2015.


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Implementing Measures and Guidelines

Implementing measures have been adopted for a number of product groupings. This list of measures and any associated guidelines will be updated on a regular basis.

• Lighting

(1) Non-Directional Domestic Lighting
Commission Regulation (EC) No 244/2009
of the 18th of March 2009 implementing Directive 2005/32/EC with regard to ecodesign requirements for non-directional household lamps.

The aim of this EU Regulation is to remove the most energy inefficient lightbulbs from the market in favour of more energy efficient alternatives. This will save energy and will save consumers money in reduced electricity bills. The first phase of the regulation entered into force on the 1st of September 2009.

Further information on this EU Regulation and energy efficient lighting:

(2) Tertiary sector (office and street) lighting
Commission Regulation (EC) No 245/2009
of the 18th of March 2009 implementing Directive 2005/32/EC with regard to ecodesign requirements for fluorescent lamps without integrated ballast, for high intensity discharge lamps, and for ballasts and luminaires able to operate such lamps, and repealing Directive 2000/55/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council. 

This Regulation specifies minimum requirements to be fulfilled by lighting products normally used for commercial purposes. These specifications apply to fluorescent lamps frequently found in offices as well as to high-pressure discharge lamps commonly used in street lighting, and to the relevant ballast and luminaires.

The first stage comes  into effect one year after the regulation entered into force, i.e. from 13th of April 2010; the second stage from April 2012, and the third stage from April 2017. 

Standby and off mode power consumption of household and office equipment

Commission Regulation (EC) No 1275/2008
of the 17th of  December 2008 implementing Directive 2005/32/EC with regard to ecodesign requirements for standby and off mode electric power consumption of electrical and electronic household and office equipment. 

The European Commission (EC) has adopted a regulation imposing mandatory targets on “electrical and electronic household and office equipment” including “when marketed for non-household or non-office use”. The EC believes this will cut standby electricity consumption by up to 73% by 2020. The adopted regulation was published in the Official Journal of the European Community (OJ) on December 18 2008 and entered force on January 7th 2009. The first binding targets on power consumption in off mode and standby mode apply from January 7th 2010 as follows:

  • Power consumption of equipment in any off mode condition shall not exceed 1.0W.
  • Power consumption of equipment in any condition providing only a reactivation function shall not exceed 1.0W.
  • Power consumption of equipment in any condition providing only an information or status display, or these plus a reactivation function shall not exceed 2.0W.

From January 7th 2013 this will reduce to:

  • Power consumption in off mode shall not exceed 0.5W.
  • Power consumption for a reactivation function shall not exceed 0.5W
  • Power consumption for an information or status display, or these plus a reactivation function shall not exceed 1.0W.

Equipment shall, where appropriate, offer a power management function.

Further information
Commission Draft Guidelines on the Standby Regulation

Simple set-top boxes

Commission Regulation (EC) No 107/2009
of the 4th of February 2009 implementing Directive 2005/32/EC with regard to ecodesign requirement for simple set-top boxes. 

The regulation for simple set top boxes entered into force on the 25th February 2009.

The basic function of simple set top boxes (SSTB) is to convert digital broadcast signals to analogue broadcast signals suitable for analogue television or radio. Simple set top boxes have a short lifetime and are easier to use than complex set top boxes.

The Member states has agreed to replace all analogue broadcasting with digital broadcasting before 2015, which means that the number of simple set top boxes in use will rise dramatically over the coming years.

Some of the requirements are:

  • One year after the regulation has come into force, the maximum allowed power consumption is 5 W for on mode, and 1 W for standby and off-mode.
  • Three years after the regulation has come into force, the limit will still be 5 W for on-mode but 0,5 W for stand by and off mode.
  • One year after the regulation has come into force all simple set top boxes shall provide standby mode and be equipped with automatic power-down or similar function.

External Power Supplies

Commission Regulation (EC) No 278/2009 of the 6th of April 2009 implementing Directive 2005/32/EC with regard to ecodesign requirements for no load condition electric consumption and average active efficiency of external power supplies .

Requirements for  external power supplies entered into force on the 27th of April 2009.

The requirements for external power supplies include most stand-alone AC/AC and AC/DC devices with a rated power up to 250 Watts and will be introduced in two stages: 2010 and 2011. The requirements from 2011 are harmonized with the EU Code of Conduct for power supplies and the current US Energy Star requirements.

In the first stage (which takes effect on the 27th of April 2010), the no-load power consumption shall not exceed 0,50 Watt. More information about the requirements can be found in Annex I of the regulation. 

Electric Motors

Commission Regulation (EC) No 640/2009 of the 22nd of July 2009 implementing Directive 2005/32/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council with regard to ecodesign requirements for electric motors.

The regulation for electric motors entered into force on the 12th of August 2009.

The measure covers motors of power range 0,75 to 375 kW. The definition of motors is electric single speed motors with three-phase 50 Hz or 60 Hz or 50/60 Hz, squirrel cage induction motors in accordance with IEC 60034-1. These kind of motors usually figure in industrial fans, pumps and compressors.

Up to the present time performance requirements for electric motors in Europe have been low compared to other important markets (e.g. USA and Australia). Only a voluntary agreement between the Manufacturers Association and the EC has been applied since 1998.

According to the measure, the efficiency of motors shall be tested in accordance with IEC 60034-2-1:2007 and classified according to IEC 60034-30:2008, where the energy classes are defined as IE1, IE2 and IE3 (with IE3 as the best performance).

Some of the minimum energy efficiency requirements are:

  • From 2011: Minimum energy performance at the IE2 efficiency level
  • From 2015: Minimum energy performance at the IE3 efficiency level, or IE2 if the motor is combined with a Variable Speed Drive (VSD)
  • From 2017: Minimum energy performance at the IE3 efficiency level for all motors 

Circulators

Commission Regulation (EC) No 641/2009 of the 22nd of July 2009 implementing Directive 2005/32/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council with regard to ecodesign requirements for glandless standalone circulators
and glandless circulators integrated in products.

Requirements for Circulators entered into force on the 12th of August 2009.

The proposed requirement defines a circulator as a glandless impeller pump up to 2500W used primarily for central heating systems. A standalone circulator is a circulator separate from the boiler, glandless means that the circulator has the shaft of the motor directly coupled to the impeller (the motor is also immersed in the pumped medium).

The covered standalone circulators are mainly used for the circulation of water in heater applications in buildings. From 2015 the requirements also cover boiler-integrated circulators that form an integral part of a boiler.

The proposal applies an "energy efficiency index" (EEI), which is the ratio between annual consumption of the appliance and a standard consumption of a typical similar model. The regulation will only allow high-efficiency (“intelligent”) circulators, i.e. circulators that can adjust their speed according to their need.

Some of the requirements are:

  • From 2013: minimum energy performance of EEI 0,27 (with some exceptions, see Annex I and II of the IM)
  • From 2015: minimum energy performance of EEI 0,23

Televisions

Commission Regulation (EC) No 642/2009 of the 22nd of July 2009 implementing Directive 2005/32/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council with regard to ecodesign requirements for televisions.

The requirements for televisions entered into force on the 12th of August 2009.

The requirements for televisions are introduced in two levels:

  • From 2010 (one year after the regulation enters into force): The minimum energy performance requirements are set so that all TVs must be more efficient than today's current sector average.
  • From April 2012: More demanding standards are introduced: Standard television sets must be 20% more efficient and full-HD sets to be 30% more efficient than the current sector average.

Household Refrigerating Appliances 

Commission Regulation (EC) No 643/2009 of the 22nd of July 2009 implementing Directive 2005/32/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council with regard to ecodesign requirements for household refrigerating appliances.

The requirements for Refrigerating Appliances entered into force on the 12th August 2009.

The new requirements are based on an "energy efficiency index" (EEI), which is the ratio between annual consumption of the appliance and a standard consumption of a typical similar model.

Mandatory requirements from 2013 include automatic switch off of "fast-freeze" function after 72 hours, electronic thermostats for optimising the switch to "winter setting" and automatic switch off of small appliances with a volume of less than 10 litres.

Requirements for compressor-type appliances (95% of the market) are:

  • From 2010: The current Class A becomes the new minimum energy performance requirement (EEI>55).
  • From 2012: The current Class A+ becomes the new minimum energy performance requirement (EEI>44).
  • From 2014: Somewhat stricter requirements than the current Class A+ becomes the new minimum energy performance requirement (EEI>42)

(According to benchmarks the best appliances today reach EEI<30). 

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Manufacturer/Importer Obligations

Under the Directive, manufacturers and importers are responsible for compliance. If the manufacturer is established outside the EU and has no authorised representative in the EU, the importer will be required to ensure compliance. Under the Ecodesign Directive a number of important requirements must be carried out by the manufacturer/importer.

These include:

  • Life Cycle Assessment / Ecological Profile
  • Development and Maintenance of Technical Documentation
  • Conformity Assessment /CE Marking

Life Cycle Assessment / Ecological Profile
Manufacturers must perform an assessment of the product model throughout its life cycle, based upon realistic assumptions about normal conditions and purposes of use and then establish and document the pproduct's ecological profile. There is an intrinsic link between the environmental aspects of a product that impact on the environment across its lifecycle and the design parameters that must be addressed in order to mitigate these impacts.


Environmental Aspects to be considered in each Life Cycle Phase Eco-design parameters to be used as design drivers
Predicted consumption of materials, of energy and of other resources such as fresh water. Weight and volume of product,
Quantity and nature of consumables,
Use of recycled materials, Incorporation of used components, Life cycle energy consumption.

Anticipated emissions to air, water or soil. Emissions to air, water and soil, 
Use of substances classified as hazardous in accordance with 67/548/EEC as amended by 2004/73/EC, 76/769/EEC and 2002/95/EC.


Expected generation of waste material.
Amount of waste generated.

Anticipated pollution through physical effects such as noise, vibration, radiation, electromagnetic fields.

No specific parameters specified, but these aspects are controlled through other legislation.
Possibilities for reuse, recycling and recovery of materials and/or of energy taking into account Directive 2002/96/EC on WEEE.
Ease for reuse and recycling,
Avoidance of design aspects detrimental to reuse and recycling,
Extension of lifetime.


Table 2:  Environmental aspects and design parameters under the Ecodesign Directive

Having identified the aspects that impact on the environment and the design parameters that must be addressed, it is then necessary to rank or prioritize these in some way. Software packages (see Guide to Eco-design tools and Methodologies below) are available that will do this, or you can develop your own ranking method using key environmental performance indicators. The legislation does not specify how this should be done.

Having ranked the aspects and design parameters, then design measures and approaches must be employed to mitigate the effects starting with the most significant. These approaches can generally be selected from the following list: 

Design for use

  • Reduce energy in use
  • Optimise quantity and nature of consumables 
  • Extend lifetime 
  • Reduce emissions to air, water and soil 

Design for better use of materials 

  • Reduce weight and volume of product
  • Increase use of recycled materials
  • Increase use of renewable/sustainable materials
  • Increase incorporation of used components 

Design for manufacture 

  • Reduce energy consumption
  • Reduce process waste 
  • Reduce emissions to air, water and soil 

 Design for transport and distribution 

  • Minimize product size and weight 
  • Optimize transport/distribution in relation to fuel use and emissions 
  • Optimize packaging to comply with regulation

Design for end of life

  • Restrict use of substances classified as hazardous (RoHS Directive, 2002/95/EC)
  • Maximize ease of reuse 
  • Design for easier dismantling and recycling 
  • Avoid design aspects detrimental to reuse and recycling
  • Reduce amount of residual waste generated

Using these general approaches, design goals and targets can be set and design specifications developed that incorporate the measures, changes and additions required to meet the environmental performance goals. However, it is essential to remember that environmental performance is only one of many design drivers, and that eco-design of products cannot be carried out in isolation from the rest of the design and management activities of the company.

Product functional specifications and manufacturers’ established design and development processes will place limits and constraints on the degree to which changes can be made to accommodate eco-design requirements. Eco-design must always be done in the context of the totality of design drivers, seeking balance with product function, regulation and cost, and can only be adopted and integrated into existing design processes in the context of the limitations that these other drivers may impose.

The major design drivers that will influence the choice of the design approaches above should be in line with the goals, objectives and targets identified in the strategic planning activity and defined in the design specification. These drivers are, but not limited to:

  • Applicable legislation (e.g., Ecodesign, WEEE, RoHS, EMC, product safety) 
  • Environmental performance targets (EKPIs)
  • Product cost 
  • Product function and performance 
  • Production processes 
  • Reuse, reparability and maintainability
  • End of life disposal 
  • Availability of technology 
  • Development cycle and time to market

Often, conflicts will arise when integrating a combination of these drivers into a design
specification. For example, changing materials to improve recyclability may increase cost, while optimizing a product for weight reduction might negatively affect its manufacturability or recyclability. A choice of new technology may not meet energy efficiency targets. Making a product more robust may increase its lifetime and, as a result, reduce long-term resources use and waste generated, but it may also increase initial costs which may have social as well as economic effects. Most importantly, changing materials or structural aspects may jeopardize compliance with other legal requirements for safety or EMC performance.

In resolving these conflicts, compromises will need to be made, but as a minimum any applicable legislation must be complied with, with product safety as a priority. After that, the best balance of environmental performance should be sought without jeopardizing marketability.

More Information
Fraunhofer Institute 2009 Guide to Ecodesign Tools and Methodologies


Development and Maintenance of Technical Documentation
Each product covered by an implementing measure will require having a technical
documentation file which includes: 

  • the description and intended use of the product; 
  • its ecological profile; 
  • environmental assessment studies by the manufacturer or published in the literature; 
  • the solutions adopted to meet the required standards; and 
  • quantifiable measurements that prove the product meets all applicable standards.

Conformity Assessment /CE Marking 

The Ecodesign Directive is a ‘New Approach’ directive based on harmonised standards. It is also a CE marking Directive and requires the manufacturer to demonstrate conformity through prescribed conformity assessment procedures. Conformity requires the affixation of the CE mark on products. Many products will already be carrying the CE mark as a result of other directives e.g. The Low Voltage Directive or the EMC Directive. Manufacturers will now also have to show compliance with environmental requirements (and be able to prove this) in order to affix the CE mark to a product.

Compliance can be demonstrated using one of the following options:

Internal Design Control
This requires the setting up and maintenance of a technical documentation file that contains evidence of compliance in the form of assessments, design solutions and measurements used. The file must contain evidence of compliance with any harmonised standards and requirements specified in the implementing measure.

Environmental Management System
Annex V of the Directive allows for the demonstration of compliance whereby product design is incorporated into a recognised management system eg EMAS or ISO 14001.

The compliance process is one of self certification with products subject to market surveillance procedures outlined in implementing measures.

The Department of Communications, Energy and Natural Resources is the authority responsible for the coordination of market surveillance in Ireland. 
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Preparing for the Ecodesign Directive

The Ecodesign Directive is a far reaching piece of European Integrated Product Policy (IPP) legislation that will have widespread implications for industry. The Directive introduces business risks and opportunities and early planning is essential.

Information Gathering

Are your products likely to be covered by the Directive?
What measures exist in your product sector to improve ecodesign?
          e.g.  - Standards/Regulations
                  - Voluntary Agreements
                  - Customer requirements 


Product Review

Perform an ecological assessment of your product throughout it's lifecycle.  Speak with customers and suppliers - what are their requirements. The business costs and risks associated with the Directive can be minimised by taking early action to build proposed ecodesign requirements into all new product designs and design reviews of existing products. It is important to benchmark these requirements against 'best in class products'.

Compliance Plan

Ecodesign should be integrated in a holistic way throughout the whole product design cycle. All appropriate areas within your organisation should be involved with the development of the compliance plan. Compliance can be demonstrated by internal design control or by incorporating product design into an environmental management system (see above). In many cases it may prove beneficial  to employ consultants who specialise in this area to co-ordinate the overall process.

Stakeholder Involvement/Lobbying

It is extremely important for any interested parties to get involved as stakeholders. The whole Ecodesign process is an open one and the Commission actively encourages participation.

You can :

  • Register as a stakeholder for a product on the product study website (see Table 1 above)
  • Contact your Consultation Forum representatives who can relay your concerns to the Commission(Mark.Sweeney@enterprise-ireland.com and Hannes.macnulty@seai.ie )
  • Contact your industry representative organisation to consider whether lobbying action is needed
  • Contact the Commission directly.

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Useful Links

EU Commission DG Enterprise

EU Commission DG Enterprise Ecodesign Webpage

EU Commission DG TREN Ecodesign Webpage

EU Commission DG TREN Energy Labelling Webpage

EU Commission DG Environment

Defra Market Tansformation Programme (U.K.)

European Council for an Energy Efficient Economy [eceee]

eceee Ecodesign Products and Status 

Department of Jobs, Environment & Innovation - Energy Related Products
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Last modified: 13/06/2014